The founder of Taekwon-Do is General Choi Hong Hi (9th Dan).
Taekwon-Do means the art of hand and foot fighting.
Taekwon-Do was founded in its modern form 11th April 1955.
The International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) was founded in 1966, Chang Hun style
Courtesy (Ye Ui)
Integrity (Yom Chi)
Perseverance (In Nae)
Self Control (Guk Gi)
Indomitable Spirit (Baekjul Bool Gool)
Reaction Force (Bandong Ryok)
Concentration of Power (Jip Joong)
Speed (Sok Do)
Equilibrium (Kyun Hyung)
Breath Control (Ho Hup)
I shall observe the tenets of Taekwon-Do
I shall respect the instructors and seniors
I shall never misuse Taekwon-Do
I shall be a champion of freedom and justice
I shall build a more peaceful world
Significance of the Belts
6 belts the colours representing the hierarch during the Silla Dynasty.
White: signifies innocence; a beginner has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do
Yellow: signifies the earth in which a plant takes root and sprouts as Taekwon-Do foundations are laid.
Green: signifies the plant growth as Taekwon-Do skill begins to develop.
Blue: signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as Taekwon-Do training progresses.
Red: signifies danger cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.
Black: the opposite of white; therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. Also indicates the wearer is imperviousness to fear and darkness.
There are 24 patterns in Taekwon-Do.
A pattern is a series of fundamental moves most of which represent attack or defence techniques; are set to a fixed logical sequence performed against an imaginary opponent of identical size and speend of the performer.
Practice enables the student to go through many fundamental moves in series developing sparring techniques, improve flexibility, master body shifting, build muscle and breath control, develop fluid motions and gain rhythmical movement.
Patterns should begin and end on the same spot as this will indivate the performer's accuracy.
Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.
Muscles of the body should be tensed or relaxed at the proper critital moments in the execrise.
The exercise should be preformed in a rythmic movement in the absence of stiffness.
Each pattern should be accelerated or decelerated according to instruction.
Each pattern should be perfected before moving on to the next.
Students should know the purpose of each movement.
Students should perform each movement with realism.