Terminology

 

General

 

ENGLISH                                                KOREAN

Attention                                                Chariot

Face the Instructor (1st - 3rd Dan)            Bo Sabum Nim Geh

Face the Instructor (4th+ Dan)                 Sabum Nim Geh

Face the Master                                      Sahyun Nim Geh

Face the Grandmaster                             Saseong Nim Geh

Bow                                                       Kyong Neh

Training Hall                                           Do Jang

Uniform                                                  Do Bok

Ready                                                     Junbi

Return to Ready Stance                            Baro

Pattern                                                   Tul

Own Time                                               Kora Opshe

By Number                                              Kora Macho

Start                                                       Shi Jak

Stop                                                       Goman

Dissmissed                                              Hae San

Turn Around                                            Dwi Ro Dola

At Ease                                                   Shiu

One Step Sparring                                    Ilbo Matsogi

Two Step Sparring                                    Ibo Matsogi

Three Step Sparring                                  Sambo Matsogi

Free Sparring                                           Jayo Matsogi

 

 

Counting

ENGLISH                                                  KOREAN

One                                                         Hana

Two                                                         Tull

Three                                                       Set

Four                                                         Net

Five                                                          Dasut

Six                                                           Yasut

Seven                                                       Ilgop

Eight                                                        Yeodul

Nine                                                         Ahop

Ten                                                          Yeol

Eleven                                                      Yeol Hana

Twelve                                                      Yeol Dul

Stances (Sogi)

ENGLISH                                                     KOREAN

Attention Stance                                           Charyot Sogi

Parallel ready stance                                     Narani Junbi Sogi

Walking Stance                                             Gunnun Sogi

Sitting Stance                                               Annun Sogi

L Stance                                                       Niunja Sogi

Fixed Stance                                                 Gojung Sogi

Close Stance                                                 Moa Sogi

Close Stance A                                              Moa Sogi A

Close Stance B                                              Moa Sogi B

Bending Ready Stance A                                Guburyo Junbi Sogi

X Stance                                                       Kyocha Sogi

Low Stance                                                   Nachuo Sogi

Rear foot Stance                                            Dwit Bal Sogi

Vertical Stance                                               Soojik Sogi

One Leg Stance                                             Waebal Sogi

Diagonal Stance                                             Sasun Sogi

Crouched Stance                                            Oguryo Sogi

Open Stance                                                  Palja Sogi

Parallel Stance with Heaven Hand                    Narani So Hanulson

Kicks(Chagi)

ENGLISH                                                    KOREAN

Front Snap Kick                                           Ap Cha Bisugi

Side Piercing Kick                                         Yop Cha Jirugi

Turning Kick                                                Dollyo Chagi

Reverse Turning Kick                                    Bandae Dollyo Chagi

Front Rising Kick                                          Ap Cha Olligi

Side Rising Kick                                           Yop Cha Olligi

Twisting Kick                                               Bituro Chagi

Side Thrusting Kick                                      Yop Cha Tulgi

Back Piercing Kick                                        Dwi Cha Jirugi

Downward Kick                                            Naeryo Chagi

Hooking Kick                                                Goro Chagi

Reverse Hooking Kick                                    Bandae Goro Chagi

Crescent Kick                                               Bandal Chagi

Vertical Kick                                                 Sewo Chagi

Checking Kick                                               Cha Mum Chagi

Sweeping Kick                                              Suroh Chagi

Flying Kick                                                    Twimyo Chagi

Flying High Kick                                            Twimyo Nopi Chagi

Waving Kick                                                  Doro Chagi

Stamping Kick                                               Bap Chagi

Upward Kick                                                 Ollyo Chagi

Flying Two Direction Kick                               Twimyo Sangbang Chagi

Dodging Kick                                                 Pihamyo Chagi

Pick Shaped                                                  Gokaeng-I Chagi

Overhead Kick                                               Twio Nomo Chagi

Consecutive Kick                                            Yonsok Chagi

Flying Twin Foot Front Kick                             Twimyo Sangbal Ap Chagi

Straight Kick                                                  Jigeau chagi

Back Piercing Kick                                          Dwitcha Jirugi

Back Pushing Kick                                          Dwitcha Milgi

 

Punches (Jirugi)

ENGLISH                                                      KOREAN

Obverse                                                       So Baro

Reverse                                                       So Bandae

Vertical                                                        Sewo

Side                                                             Yop

Upward                                                        Ollyo

Upset                                                           Dwijibo

Downward                                                    Naeryo

Crescent                                                       Bandal

U-Shaped                                                     Digutja

Horizontal                                                     Soopyong

Knuckle Fist                                                  Songarak Joomuk

Middle Knuckle Fist                                        Joongji Joomuk

Fore Knuckle  Fist                                          Inji Joomuk

Thumb Knuckle Fist                                       Umji Songarak

Twin Fist                                                      Sang Joomuk

Angle                                                           Kiokja

Turning                                                        Dollyo

Flying                                                          Twimyo

Long Fist                                                      Ghin Joomuk

Double Fist                                                   Doo Joomuk

Open Fist                                                      Pyon Joomuk

Flying Consecutive                                         Twimyo Yonsok

 

 

Grasps (Japgi)

ENGLISH                                                     KOREAN

U Shaped Grasp                                           Digutcha Japgi

 

 

Strikes (Taerigi)

ENGLISH                                                      KOREAN

Downward Strike                                           Naeryo Taerigi

Outward Strike                                              Bakuro Taerigi

Inward Strike                                                Anuro Taerigi

Side Strike                                                    Yop Taerigi

Front Strike                                                   Ap Taerigi

Horizontal Strike                                            Soopyong Taerigi

Crescent Strike                                               Bandal Taerigi

Mid Air Strike                                                 Twio Dolmyo Taerigi

Knifehand Strike                                             Sonkal Taerigi

Reverse Knifehand Strike                                 Dung Sonkal Taerigi

Twin Knifehand Strike                                     Sang Sonkal Taerigi

Backfist Strike                                                Dung Joomuk Taerigi

Arc-Hand Strike                                              Bandalson Taerigi

Side Elbow Strike                                            Yop Palkup Taerigi

Upper Elbow Strike                                          Wi Palkup Taerigi

Front Elbow Strike                                           Ap Palkup Taerigi

 

 

Thrusts (Tulgi)

ENGLISH                                                      KOREAN

Straight Fingertip Thrust                                 Sun Sonkut Tulgi

Flat Fingertip Thrust                                       Opun Sonkut Tulgi

Upset Fingertip Thrust                                     Dwijibo Sonkut Tulgi

Straight Elbow Thrust                                      Sun Palkup Tulgi

Back Elbow Thrust                                          Dwit Palkup Tulgi

Side Elbow Thrust                                           Yop Palkup Taerigi

Twin Elbow Thrust                                           Sang Palmok Tulgi

Double Finger Thrust                                        Doo Sonkut Tulgi

Downward Thrust                                            Naeryo Tulgi

Horizontal Thrust                                             Soopyong Tulgi

 

 

Tools

ENGLISH                                                        KOREAN

Foot Sword                                                     Balkal

Ball of Foot                                                     Ap Kumchi

Instep                                                            Baldung

Side Sole                                                        Yop Bal Badak

Heel                                                               Dwichook

Toes                                                               Balkut

Heel Base                                                        Dwi Kumchi

Knee                                                               Moorup

Elbow                                                              Palkup

Fore Fist                                                          Ap Joomuk

Back Fist                                                          Dung Joomuk

Side Fist                                                          Yop Joomuk

Open Fist                                                         Pyon Joomuk

Fore Knuckle Fist                                              Inji Joomuk

Middle Knuckle Fist                                           Songarak Joomuk

Long Fist                                                         Ghin Joomuk

Arc Hand                                                         Bandalson

Knifehand                                                        Sonkal

Back Hand                                                       Sondung

Reverse Knifehand                                            Dung Sonkal

Rear Hand                                                       Gomson

Fingertips                                                        Sonkut

Finger Belly                                                     Songarak Badak

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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